In 2007, the International Asperger Syndrome Day was declared on February 18 in commemoration of the birth of Hans Asperger, Austrian psychiatrist who first described the clinical picture.
In 1944 Hans Asperger described the behavior of four children between the ages of 6 and 11 who looked like “little teachers”, they spoke using their own sophisticated language; they manifested intense and unusual interests and showed themselves attached to routines and objects. But, it was not until 1981 that Lorna Wing coined the term Asperger Syndrome in her honor and marked the difference between autism.
Asperger Syndrome is often diagnosed after 5 years when the child is immersed in a social space because difficulties in social skills are starting to become evident, since these are increasingly complex in relation to development as we are social beings by nature. However, their peculiarities in language and behavior can be appreciated around the third year of life.
They have excellent verbal skills: the development of their language is adequate and often advanced.
Deficiencies are estimated in the pragmatic level of language, ie the social use within communication to decipher nonverbal language (eg use a linear tone in all their emotional expressions, difficulties in interpreting facial gestures, etc.).
There is often a delay in motor development and clumsiness in motor coordination.
Shows an inability for emotional social reciprocity (difficulty interpreting social cues, lack of response to the emotions of others, etc.).
Apparent inflexibility for the performance of specific routines or rituals that cause dysfunctionality for daily life.
Repetitive behaviors and obsessive interests of an idiosyncratic nature.
They present outstanding cognitive strategies (eg extensive memory capacity) and original thoughts.